Chronic Disease and Conditions
Beginning with the number one killer of all Americans, heart disease is responsible for 234.2 deaths per 100,000 people in the United States, 303.9 deaths per 100,000 in the state of Oklahoma, and 269.1 deaths per 100,000 in Oklahoma County. The tri-zip area mortality rates are higher than each of these rates and are double the rate of the United States in zip code 73117. Hypertension, stroke, and heart attack mortality rates also are above the national and state averages in the tri-zip area. In addition, chronic lower respiratory disease is elevated in only one of the three zip codes but may be significant in relation to the environmental issues discussed later in this document (see Section 6).
Diabetes mortality rates are also above the national and state averages in the tri-zip area.
Developing cancer stems from a variety of factors, from environment, diet, and genetics. In the zip codes of focus, all cancer mortality rates greatly increased in 73111 and 73117 but all are higher than comparison. Breast cancer was two times higher in 73111. Lung cancers were highest in 73117, but all are higher than comparisons across the state.
Mental health status should be considered when determining the current state of health in a community. Suicide rate per 100,000 residents is one measure that suggests the amount of deep depression within a community. Suicide is not the only indicator; however, it is one that is available with data at the tri-zip level. Only one of the zip codes, 73111, exhibited sufficient data (zip codes 73105 and 73117 had too few occurrences to reliably calculate a rate) to report a suicide mortality rate per 100,000 of the population. This rate is more than triple the national average. Another measure that may help to define the health parameters of the area is the number of mental health visits within the community. Many problems exist in using this measure. Use of mental health services can stem from a variety of reasons such as prevalence of disease, mental health visit availability, court mandated visits, and aggressive outreach programs. Therapy methodologies may also increase the number of visits per patient.